Lithology: Create a 3D representation of variable lithology#

Create a Lithology object with different properties.

class Lithology(*args, **kwds)[source]#

Bases: Component

Create a Lithology object.

A Lithology is a three dimentional representation of material operated on by landlab components. Material can be removed through erosion or added to through deposition. Rock types can have multiple attributes (e.g. age, erodability or other parameter values, etc).

If the tracked properties are model grid fields, they will be updated to the surface values of the Lithology. If the properties are not grid fields then at-node grid fields will be created with their names. Lithology and its derived versions will make a at-node grid field called rock_type__id to store the rock type id.

Lithology was designed to be used on its own and to be inherited from and improved. Currently one other Lithology variant exists: LithoLayers which makes it easy to specify parallel layers of rock with generic layer geometries.

It is constructed by specifying a series of thicknesses and a series of rock type IDs. Thicknesses and IDs are both specified in order of closest to the surface to furthest from the surface. Thicknesses can either be a single value (corresponding to a layer of uniform thickness) or a number-of -nodes length array (corresponding to a non-uniform layer).

Additionally, an attribute dictionary specifies the properties of each rock type. This dictionary is expected to have the form of:

attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
                  2: 0.0001},
         'D': {1: 0.01,
               2: 0.001}}

Where 'K_sp' and 'D' are properties to track, and 1 and 2 are rock type IDs. The rock type IDs can be any type that is valid as a python dictionary key.

References

Required Software Citation(s) Specific to this Component

Barnhart, K., Hutton, E., Gasparini, N., Tucker, G. (2018). Lithology: A Landlab submodule for spatially variable rock properties. Journal of Open Source Software 3(30), 979 - 2. https://dx.doi.org/10.21105/joss.00979

Additional References

None Listed

Create a new instance of Lithology.

Parameters
  • grid (Landlab ModelGrid) –

  • thicknesses (ndarray of shape (n_layers, ) or (n_layers, n_nodes)) – Values of layer thicknesses from surface to depth. Layers do not have to have constant thickness. Layer thickness can be zero, though the entirety of Lithology must have non-zero thickness.

  • ids (ndarray of shape (n_layers, ) or (n_layers, n_nodes)) – Values of rock type IDs corresponding to each layer specified in thicknesses. A single layer may have multiple rock types if specified by the user.

  • attrs (dict) – Rock type property dictionary. See class docstring for example of required format.

  • layer_type (str, optional) – Type of Landlab layers object used to store the layers. If MaterialLayers (default) is specified, then erosion removes material and does not create a layer of thickness zero. If EventLayers is used, then erosion removes material and creates layers of thickness zero. Thus, EventLayers may be appropriate if the user is interested in chronostratigraphy.

  • dz_advection (float, (n_nodes, ) shape array, or at-node field array optional) – Change in rock elevation due to advection by some external process. This can be changed using the property setter. Dimensions are in length, not length per time.

  • rock_id (value or (n_nodes, ) shape array, optional) – Rock type id for new material if deposited. This can be changed using the property setter.

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")

Create a Lithology with uniform thicknesses that alternates between layers of type 1 and type 2 rock.

>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)

After creating a Lithology, the model grid will have an at-node grid field set to the surface values of ‘K_sp’.

>>> mg.at_node['K_sp']
array([ 0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,
        0.001])

The surface values are also properties of the Lithology.

>>> lith['K_sp']
array([ 0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,
        0.001])

We can access information about the Lithology like the total thickness or layer thicknesses.

>>> lith.thickness
array([ 8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.])
>>> lith.dz
array([[ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.],
       [ 4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.],
       [ 2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.],
       [ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.]])

This might look confusing – that the layers are in reverse order, but it is OK. The last layers in the Lithology are those that are closest to the surface.

The layers don’t all have to have the same thickness as in the prior example. If the layers have non-uniform thickness, then they must be specified in an array of shape (n_layer, n_nodes). In this case, the layer IDs must be specified in either an array of (n_layer) or (n_layer, n_nodes).

Here we make a layer that gets thicker as a function of the x value of the model grid.

>>> layer_pattern = (0.5 * mg.x_of_node) + 1.0
>>> thicknesses = [1*layer_pattern, 2*layer_pattern, 4*layer_pattern]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1]
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> lith.thickness
array([  7. ,  10.5,  14. ,   7. ,  10.5,  14. ,   7. ,  10.5,  14. ])
>>> lith.dz
array([[ 4. ,  6. ,  8. ,  4. ,  6. ,  8. ,  4. ,  6. ,  8. ],
       [ 2. ,  3. ,  4. ,  2. ,  3. ,  4. ,  2. ,  3. ,  4. ],
       [ 1. ,  1.5,  2. ,  1. ,  1.5,  2. ,  1. ,  1.5,  2. ]])
__init__(grid, thicknesses, ids, attrs, layer_type='MaterialLayers', dz_advection=0, rock_id=None)[source]#

Create a new instance of Lithology.

Parameters
  • grid (Landlab ModelGrid) –

  • thicknesses (ndarray of shape (n_layers, ) or (n_layers, n_nodes)) – Values of layer thicknesses from surface to depth. Layers do not have to have constant thickness. Layer thickness can be zero, though the entirety of Lithology must have non-zero thickness.

  • ids (ndarray of shape (n_layers, ) or (n_layers, n_nodes)) – Values of rock type IDs corresponding to each layer specified in thicknesses. A single layer may have multiple rock types if specified by the user.

  • attrs (dict) – Rock type property dictionary. See class docstring for example of required format.

  • layer_type (str, optional) – Type of Landlab layers object used to store the layers. If MaterialLayers (default) is specified, then erosion removes material and does not create a layer of thickness zero. If EventLayers is used, then erosion removes material and creates layers of thickness zero. Thus, EventLayers may be appropriate if the user is interested in chronostratigraphy.

  • dz_advection (float, (n_nodes, ) shape array, or at-node field array optional) – Change in rock elevation due to advection by some external process. This can be changed using the property setter. Dimensions are in length, not length per time.

  • rock_id (value or (n_nodes, ) shape array, optional) – Rock type id for new material if deposited. This can be changed using the property setter.

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")

Create a Lithology with uniform thicknesses that alternates between layers of type 1 and type 2 rock.

>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)

After creating a Lithology, the model grid will have an at-node grid field set to the surface values of ‘K_sp’.

>>> mg.at_node['K_sp']
array([ 0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,
        0.001])

The surface values are also properties of the Lithology.

>>> lith['K_sp']
array([ 0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,
        0.001])

We can access information about the Lithology like the total thickness or layer thicknesses.

>>> lith.thickness
array([ 8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.])
>>> lith.dz
array([[ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.],
       [ 4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.],
       [ 2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.],
       [ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.]])

This might look confusing – that the layers are in reverse order, but it is OK. The last layers in the Lithology are those that are closest to the surface.

The layers don’t all have to have the same thickness as in the prior example. If the layers have non-uniform thickness, then they must be specified in an array of shape (n_layer, n_nodes). In this case, the layer IDs must be specified in either an array of (n_layer) or (n_layer, n_nodes).

Here we make a layer that gets thicker as a function of the x value of the model grid.

>>> layer_pattern = (0.5 * mg.x_of_node) + 1.0
>>> thicknesses = [1*layer_pattern, 2*layer_pattern, 4*layer_pattern]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1]
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> lith.thickness
array([  7. ,  10.5,  14. ,   7. ,  10.5,  14. ,   7. ,  10.5,  14. ])
>>> lith.dz
array([[ 4. ,  6. ,  8. ,  4. ,  6. ,  8. ,  4. ,  6. ,  8. ],
       [ 2. ,  3. ,  4. ,  2. ,  3. ,  4. ,  2. ,  3. ,  4. ],
       [ 1. ,  1.5,  2. ,  1. ,  1.5,  2. ,  1. ,  1.5,  2. ]])
add_layer(thickness, rock_id=None)[source]#

Add a new layer to Lithology.

Parameters
  • thickness (float or (n_nodes,) array) – Positive values deposit material on to Lithology while negative values erode Lithology.

  • rock_id (single value or n_nodes long itterable, optional if only erosion occurs) – Rock type ID for new deposits. Can be single value or an number- of-nodes array.

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]

We can instantiate Lithology with rock type properties we know we will use in the future.

>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001,
...                   3: 0.01}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)

Add a layer of thickness 3 and rock type 3.

>>> lith.add_layer(3, rock_id=3)

The value of K_sp at node is now updated to the value of rock type 3

>>> mg.at_node['K_sp']
array([ 0.01,  0.01,  0.01,  0.01,  0.01,  0.01,  0.01,  0.01,  0.01])

A negative value will erode. We can also pass a (n_nodes,) long array to erode unevenly. If all parts of the layer erode, then no `rock_id needs to be passed.

>>> erosion_amount = [-2., -2., -2., -4., -4., -4., -6., -6., -6.]
>>> lith.add_layer(erosion_amount)
>>> mg.at_node['K_sp']
array([ 0.01  ,  0.01  ,  0.01  ,  0.0001,  0.0001,  0.0001,  0.001 ,
        0.001 ,  0.001 ])

Now different layers are exposed at the surface and the value of K_sp is spatially variable.

add_property(attrs)[source]#

Add new property to Lithology.

Parameters

attrs (dict) – Rock attribute dictionary for the new property(s).

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> lith.add_property({'D': {1: 0.03,
...                        2: 0.004}})
>>> lith.tracked_properties
['D', 'K_sp']
>>> mg.at_node['D']
array([ 0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03])
add_rock_type(attrs)[source]#

Add rock type to Lithology.

Parameters

attrs (dict) – Rock attribute dictionary for the new rock type(s).

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> lith.add_rock_type({'K_sp': {4: 0.03,
...                            6: 0.004}})
>>> lith.ids
[1, 2, 4, 6]
>>> lith.properties
{'K_sp': {1: 0.001, 2: 0.0001, 4: 0.03, 6: 0.004}}
property dz#

Thickness of each layer in the Lithology at each node.

The thickness of each layer in the Lithology as an array of shape (number_of_layers, number_of_nodes).

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> lith.dz
array([[ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.],
       [ 4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.],
       [ 2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.],
       [ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.]])
property dz_advection#

Rate of vertical advection.

Parameters

dz_advection (float, (n_nodes, ) shape array, or at-node field array optional) – Change in rock elevation due to advection by some external process. This can be changed using the property setter. Dimensions are in length, not length per time.

Return type

current rate of vertical advection

property ids#

Rock type IDs used by Lithology.

property properties#

Properties dictionary used by Lithology.

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> lith.properties
{'K_sp': {1: 0.001, 2: 0.0001}}
rock_cube_to_xarray(depths)[source]#

Construct a 3D rock cube of rock type ID as an xarray dataset.

Create an xarray dataset in (x, y, z) that shows the rock type with depth relative to the current topographic surface.

Here the z dimension is depth relative to the current topographic surface, NOT depth relative to an absolute datum.

Note also that when this method is called, it will construct the current values of lithology with depth, NOT the initial values.

Parameters

depths (array) –

Returns

ds

Return type

xarray dataset

property rock_id#

Rock type for deposition.

Parameters

rock_id (value or (n_nodes, ) shape array, optional) – Rock type id for new material if deposited. This can be changed using the property setter.

Return type

current type of rock being deposited (if deposition occurs)

run_one_step()[source]#

Update Lithology.

The run_one_step method calculates elevation change of the Lithology surface (taking into account any advection due to external processes) and then either deposits or erodes based on elevation change.

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_ones("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> lith.dz
array([[ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.],
       [ 4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.],
       [ 2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.],
       [ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.]])
>>> lith.thickness
array([ 8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.])

If we erode the surface, and then update Lithology, the thickness will change.

>>> z -= 0.5
>>> lith.run_one_step()
>>> lith.thickness
array([ 7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5])

The default of Lithology is to use MaterialLayers from the Landlab layers submodule. This means that when we erode, we will remove a layer from the layers datastructure if it has no material anywhere.

>>> lith.dz
array([[ 1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ],
       [ 4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ],
       [ 2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ],
       [ 0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5]])

We can see the value of the rock type at the surface.

>>> mg.at_node['rock_type__id']
array([ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.])

If you deposit, a valid rock_id must be provided. If the rock type is the same as the current surface value everywhere, then the layers will be combined. This rock_id can be provided as part of the init of Lithology or by setting a property (as shown below).

>>> z += 1.5
>>> lith.rock_id = 1
>>> lith.run_one_step()
>>> lith.thickness
array([ 9.,  9.,  9.,  9.,  9.,  9.,  9.,  9.,  9.])
>>> lith.dz
array([[ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.],
       [ 4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.],
       [ 2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.],
       [ 2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.]])

This contrasts with the behavior of Lithology if we use EventLayers. Next we repeat this example with EventLayers. Note that no matter which method you use, the values of the model grid fields will be the same. These two methods differ only in the details of the data structure they use to store the layer information.

>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_ones("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs,
...                  layer_type='EventLayers')
>>> lith.dz
array([[ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.],
       [ 4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.,  4.],
       [ 2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.,  2.],
       [ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.]])
>>> lith.thickness
array([ 8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.])

If we erode the surface, and then update Lithology, the thickness will change. However, with EventLayers, the lith.dz structure will be different. It will have a layer with thickness zero that represents the event of erosion.

>>> z -= 0.5
>>> lith.run_one_step()
>>> lith.thickness
array([ 7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5,  7.5])
>>> lith.dz
array([[ 1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ],
       [ 4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ],
       [ 2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ],
       [ 0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5],
       [ 0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ]])

We can see the value of the rock type at the surface. As expected, it is just the same as if we used MaterialLayers.

>>> mg.at_node['rock_type__id']
array([ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.])

If you deposit, a valid rock_id must be provided. Unlike MaterialLayers, these two layers will not be combined, even if they have the same properties.

>>> z += 1.5
>>> lith.rock_id = 1
>>> lith.run_one_step()
>>> lith.thickness
array([ 9.,  9.,  9.,  9.,  9.,  9.,  9.,  9.,  9.])
>>> lith.dz
array([[ 1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ,  1. ],
       [ 4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ,  4. ],
       [ 2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ,  2. ],
       [ 0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5,  0.5],
       [ 0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ,  0. ],
       [ 1.5,  1.5,  1.5,  1.5,  1.5,  1.5,  1.5,  1.5,  1.5]])
property thickness#

Total thickness of the Lithology at each node.

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> lith.thickness
array([ 8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.])
property tracked_properties#

Properties tracked by Lithology.

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> lith.tracked_properties
['K_sp']
update_rock_properties(at, rock_id, value)[source]#

Update rock type attribute.

Parameters
  • at (str) – Attribute name

  • rock_id (value) – Rock type ID

  • value (value) – New value for rock type attribute

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> mg.at_node['K_sp']
array([ 0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,  0.001,
        0.001])
>>> lith.update_rock_properties('K_sp', 1, 0.03)
>>> mg.at_node['K_sp']
array([ 0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03,  0.03])
property z_bottom#

Thickness from the surface to the bottom of each layer in Lithology.

Thickness from the topographic surface to the bottom of each layer as an array of shape (number_of_layers, number_of_nodes).

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> lith.z_bottom
array([[ 8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.,  8.],
       [ 7.,  7.,  7.,  7.,  7.,  7.,  7.,  7.,  7.],
       [ 3.,  3.,  3.,  3.,  3.,  3.,  3.,  3.,  3.],
       [ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.]])
property z_top#

Thickness from the surface to the top of each layer in Lithology.

Thickness from the topographic surface to the top of each layer as an array of shape (number_of_layers, number_of_nodes).

Examples

>>> from landlab import RasterModelGrid
>>> from landlab.components import Lithology
>>> mg = RasterModelGrid((3, 3))
>>> z = mg.add_zeros("topographic__elevation", at="node")
>>> thicknesses = [1, 2, 4, 1]
>>> ids = [1, 2, 1, 2]
>>> attrs = {'K_sp': {1: 0.001,
...                   2: 0.0001}}
>>> lith = Lithology(mg, thicknesses, ids, attrs)
>>> lith.z_top
array([[ 7.,  7.,  7.,  7.,  7.,  7.,  7.,  7.,  7.],
       [ 3.,  3.,  3.,  3.,  3.,  3.,  3.,  3.,  3.],
       [ 1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.,  1.],
       [ 0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.]])